Children of Circumstance: A Novel (All Volumes)

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Educating Everybody's Children: We Know What Works—And What Doesn't

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He posts her achievements and occasionally posts the cute things she says. Emily is an avid gymnast, and her father posts pictures of her at gymnastics meets. When parents use social media in this way, they often share personal information about their children. Wire Oct. These disclosures offer families the opportunity to connect with their communities—to share and to seek support. At the same time, parents sometimes share without the permission of their children, and these disclosures may foreclose their children from the opportunity to create their own digital footprints. There has been ample discussion focused on how young people often create and harm their digital identities, 10 See, e.


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Internet L. See, e. Many children engage in online activities that invite third-party privacy breaches, online bullying, sexual contact, and other dangerous scenarios. However, the threat of how parents share information about their children online is rarely the subject of similar discourse. However, parents are not always protectors; their disclosures online may harm their children, whether intentionally or not. This bill does not provide a deletion option to what their parents post about them. See id. This Article considers these indelible because while a parent might be able to remove some information shared on social media, once the information is reshared across other Internet platforms, the parent may no longer be able to remove the information if requested to do so by an older child.

While adults have the ability to set their own parameters when sharing their personal information in the virtual world, children are not afforded such control over their digital footprint unless there are limits on parents. This is a novel issue linked to the rapid growth of social media.

While parents have always swapped parenting stories with friends, communities, and sometimes public sources, stories shared on the Internet have a reach that simply was unfathomable a generation ago. Notably, in December of , 0. In , a mother posted a picture of her son on her Flickr account and put it up on Getty Images. She took the photos down when the picture went viral. The photo has been used in billboard ads and Vitamin Water commercials.

This photo will forever be online and unable to be fully erased. The mother has lost all control over the image. It provides an overview on the manner, frequency, and types of information parents share about their children online. Next, it offers specific examples of parental sharing in some of its most questionable and invasive forms.

By evaluating instances of concern, this Part provides the reader with a deeper understanding of the scope of this new phenomenon and offers a taxonomy of the ways in which parents share about their children online.

Lastly, this Part highlights both the moral and legal risks inherent in the current sharing practices of many parents. This Part provides examples of such models, including the role of best practice standards, in the child protection context. Part III explores potential solutions in law and policy, highlighting the unique legal challenges surrounding this issue, and provides a novel legal approach to alleviating the potential harm caused by sharenting.

With this in mind, this Part proposes alternate solutions and advocates for reform through a public health model of child protection. Consistent with such a model, this Part provides parents with a set of best practices to consider when sharing about children online grounded in public health and child development literature. Children have no control over the dissemination of their personal information by their parents. This is different than instances when adults and teenagers share online, as one could argue they are aware of the consequences of such personal disclosures.

Information shared on the Internet has the potential to exist long after the value of the disclosure remains, and therefore disclosures made during childhood have the potential to last a lifetime. This issue is ripe for a child-centered, solution-focused discussion to ensure the protection of the best interests of children that is responsive to the age and developmental stages of children as they mature.

Social media offers parents many positive benefits.

Institutional Practices

And parents are relatively active sharers of content. Families share on social media in many unique ways. In almost all circumstances, sharenting requires parents to make disclosures about their children. These online disclosures have the potential to benefit children in many ways, but the practice also presents a number of legal and safety risks. Most parents act with good intentions when they share personal information and photos of their children online.

There are many benefits to online sharing, 36 Id.

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But parents often share without being fully informed of the consequences of their online disclosures and many are unaware of the long-term consequences of their posts. For example, one mother found that innocent photos could instantly make their way into the wrong network and could be altered in alarming ways. This mother posted pictures online of her young twins during toilet training. She later learned that strangers accessed the photos, downloaded them, altered them, and shared them on a website commonly used by pedophiles. While her post is written lightheartedly, it exposes a very real and dangerous problem that receives little attention in a world where posting and sharing personal data is the norm.

The University of Michigan conducted a study exploring the ways parents share online about their children. The study was directed by Matthew Davis, M. The threat posed by data brokers and electronic surveillance is equally worrisome.

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The researchers expounded, saying:. This same information could become subject to surveillance by various agencies, both governmental and nongovernmental. Of these children, approximately one-third appear on social media sites as a mere newborn. When children appear in Facebook photos, Many babies have an online presence even before birth because parents share sonogram pictures online in nearly one-fourth of pregnancies. Parents seemingly endorse this reality, as multitudes of well-wishers and supporters follow, comment on, and re-post much of the child-centered disclosures available on social media sites and blogs.

Some parents are lulled into a false sense of security that the data they share about their children will not be seen beyond a select audience. Some parents choose to post pictures and data about their children on websites and social media sites such as Facebook, which offer the user the ability to choose the audience for each disclosure.

Many parents believe this provides them with a safety net, and they use little discretion sharing with their chosen audience.

In reality, even these posts can reach a large audience, as the intended audience has the ability to save and repost the data in alternate forums. One writer, Phoebe Maltz Bovy, has voiced concern that parents are potentially exploiting their children through the public disclosure of personal information in online forums. She defines the concept this way:. Parental overshar[ing]. Two criteria must be present: First, the children need to be identifiable. That does not necessarily mean full names.

Next, there needs to be ambition to reach a mass audience. Bovy explores whether children can ever give consent for online disclosure of personal, potentially harmful and embarrassing information.